Compressing and Filtering I/Q Data

One great feature of SDR software like SDR# is the ability to make I/Q recordings of the entire received bandwidth for later analysis. The problem is that these recordings can take up massive amounts of hard disk space. Jay Moore, the author of the RTL-SDR DX blog has recently been experimenting with methods for compressing I/Q files (2021 UPDATE: Jay's site has been abandoned, please use this link).

Jay tried compressing a test I/Q file with 7-Zip LZMA, Zip Deflate and FLAC. His results showed that FLAC compression was by far the fastest and also compressed the most in a test I/Q file with low amounts of redundant information.

Jay also discovered that it is possible to record "filtered" I/Q recordings using the RAW setting in SDR#. The RAW setting allows you to record an I/Q file from the tuned bandwidth selected within SDR# which allows for a much smaller file size.

I/Q Data interpreted by an audio editor
I/Q Data interpreted by an audio editor


  1. Jeff

    Its been a while, but can you share the wavpack command to compress a wav SDR# IQ file?
    Also do you know if a way to trim that file – let’s say 2 min off front and 2 min off back?

  2. F6FLT

    Neither flicflac nor Adobe Audition softwares are able to convert I/Q wav files having high sample rates (MHz) into flac format. It seems that it is a flac format limitation.
    So I tried the APE format with “FlicFlac Audio Converter” and it works well. A 1 Gb file is reduced to about 640 Mb. Gain: 36%. Although I don’t like “ape”, it’s the only lossless working format that I found for our purpose.

    • Funk

      Wavpack works well for this purpose. For example with Airspy that has 12 bits resolution it can truncate 16 bit wav files to 12 bits before compressing to get higher compression gain. WavPack saves about 55 to 80 percent of disk space for me.

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