Tagged: weak signal propagation reporting

LimeRFE WSPR Tests

The LimeRFE is a power amplifier and filter bank solution designed for the low cost TX capable LimeSDR software defined radios. It has multiple bands from HF all the way up to 3.5 GHz, and is capable of putting out about 2W on the HF bands. Currently LimeRFE is crowdfunding over on CrowdSupply with a cost of US$599 or alternatively there is now a cheaper unit for US$449 without support for the cellular bands. The campaign is active for 4 more days from the time of this post, and after that the price is due to rise by another US$100.

The team at LimeMicro sent a unit to Daniel Estévez (EA4GPZ) for testing, and he has recently posted about his results and thoughts when using the LimeRFE for WSPR transmission with a 15m long wire antenna. Daniel connected his LimeRFE to his LimeSDR and used WSJT-X piped into SDRAngel via Pulseaudio to transmit WSPR on the 10m band. He notes that for lower bands, the LimeRFE will still need additional low pass filtering to attenuate harmonics. SDRAngel cannot yet control the LimeRFE so he also created a simple Python script for this purpose.

Unfortunately Daniel's unit only achieved 25dBm instead of the advertised 33dB, but in LimeMicro's post they note that they believe that this is due to shipping damage. However, even with only 0.3W power, Daniel's transmissions from Madrid were able to be picked up in the Canary Islands, Netherlands and Northern England.

WSPR Range with a LimeRFE (reduced 0.3W output)
WSPR Range with a LimeRFE (reduced 0.3W output)

A Tutorial on Receiving WSPR with an RTL-SDR V3

Over on YouTube user Veryokay has uploaded a video that shows how he uses the HF direct sampling mode on one of our V3 RTL-SDR’s to receive WSPR signals. WSPR (pronounced “Whisper”) is short for Weak Signal Propagation Reporting, and is a HF ham mode typically run on very low power levels such as 1W. The data from WSPR reception can be used to determine how good or bad HF propagation is currently around the world as each WSPR message contains the callsign, 6-digit locator and the transmit power level used.

For the antenna Veryokay uses a simple random wire antenna directly connected to the SMA port of the V3 up on top of the roof of his apartment building. This gets him reception good enough to receive many WSPR signals. Then together with SDR#, VB Cable and the WSPR-X decoder software, signals can be received and decoded.

He has also uploaded a document detailing the instructions in text and image form at bit.ly/wspr-rtlsdr.

Easy WSPR reception using $19 RTL-SDR dongle

Receiving WSPR with a Direct Sampling Modified RTL-SDR

Over on YouTube user Veryokay has uploaded a video showing how he was able to receive WSPR (Weak Signal Propagation Report) signals at 14 MHz with his direct sampling modified RTL-SDR. WSPR is a HF mode designed to be received even if the signal is very weak. It is used to help determine radio propagation conditions. Direct sampling mode allows you to receive HF signals on an RTL-SDR without the need for an upconverter, but it is more difficult to implement and get good results with. To get the best results Veryokay built an add on PCB that fits onto the RTL-SDR which contains and LNA and single ended to differential operational amplifier to amplify and get correct impedance matching on the input.

His video mainly shows how to calibrate the receiver correctly to receive WSPR as incorrect calibration is the most common error when trying to receive WSPR for the first time. In the video he also explains that he is transmitting WSPR himself using his Raspberry Pi and a QRPi WSPR filter shield for use with Rpitx.

Receiving WSPR with the RTL-SDR in direct sampling mode and WSPR-X.
Receiving WSPR with the RTL-SDR in direct sampling mode and WSPR-X.
Receiving WSPR mode at 20m with RTL-SDR dongle in direct sampling