Tagged: dsd

Comprehensive Video Guide to Trunking and Digital Voice with the RTL-SDR

Over on YouTube user AVT Marketing has uploaded a five part video series that very clearly and slowly shows how to use an RTL-SDR to set up trunking and digital voice monitoring. In the videos he uses SDR#, Unitrunker, DSD+ and VBCable for the monitoring.

The first video in the series shows a brief overview of the digital trunking voice set up, and explains a bit about digital voice communications. The second video shows how to install an RTL-SDR, and walks you through downloading Unitrunker and DSD+. The third video is a tutorial about SDR# and also explains how trunking radio systems works. The fourth video shows how to install Unitrunker, DSD+, VBCable, and how to configure each program. Finally the fifth and last video in the series shows the final steps in using Unitrunker and DSD+.

This looks like a very good video series, especially for those that like to see every step in the process played out in full.

How to use DSD+ with WineSkin on OSX

Last week we posted about how Matthew Miller deomnstrated that he was able to get the Windows digital speech decoder (DSD+) software running under OSX with WineSkin. DSD+ allows you to decode digital voice signals such as P25 and Motorola DMR. A few users asked how to actually use WineSkin to create a wrapper, so now Matthew has uploaded a new tutorial video showing how to use WineSkin to get DSD+ running on OSX.

In the video he shows how to download and install WineSkin, and how to create a wrapper that allows DSD+ to run on OSX. The process is relatively simple and only involves using GUI based tools.

Decoding DMR on OSX using a RTL SDR and DSD Plus

DSD+ (Digital Speech Decoder+) is a popular Windows tool that can be used together with an RTL-SDR to decode digital speech signals such as P25 and DMR. There is unfortunately no version for OSX.

However, recently on YouTube user Matthew Miller has uploaded a video showing DSD+ running with CubicSDR on OSX. To do this he used a utility called “Wine Skin” which creates a wrapper that allows Windows software to run on a MAC computer running OSX. This means that DSD+ can be run on directly OSX without the need to use a virtual machine with Windows installed on it.

DSD+ Updated to Version 1.101

DSD+ (Digital Speech Decoder+) is a popular decoding tool that can be used to listen to P25, DMR and other unencrypted digital speech signals. Recently DSD+ has been updated from version 1.074 to version 1.101.

The new version brings several changes, including the ability to decode Hytera Extended Pseudo Trunk (XPT) systems, Airspy compatibility, performance improvements and a TCP/IP link from FMP to DSD+ (no longer need to use a virtual audio cable). The full change log is as follows:

DSD+: Fixed AMBE tone frame audio generation.

FMA: Added Airspy-compatible FMP (FMPA.exe)

DSD+: Significant reduction in CPU usage when monitoring busy control channels. Improvement will be most noticeable on low power processors.

DSD+: Detection and decoding of Hytera Extended Pseudo Trunk (XPT) systems.

DSD+: The DSD+ -i command line parameter can contain an IPV4 address; this lets DSD+ connect to a copy of FMP that is running on a different PC in your local network or on the Internet

Example: DSDPlus -i192.168.1.150:20001

DSD+: NEXEDGE radio alias editing

DSD+ now marks auto-generated NEXEDGE radio aliases in the DSDPlus.radios file by prepending an asterisk like so:

NEXEDGE, … yyyy/mm/dd hh:mm, *”aliastext”

If you edit a NEXEDGE alias, you must remove the asterisk; this tells DSD+ that the new alias text is NOT auto-generated and DSD+ will not replace it with OTA alias text

FMP: FMP command line processing

The FMP command line format has been modified and is now similar to the DSD+ command line. A summary is listed here:

FMP rev 1.4t

Usage:
FMP [options] Normal operation
FMP -h Show help

Options:
-i<num> RTL SDR device number (1-255) [-i1]
-o<num> Output audio device (1-255) [-o1]
-o<port> Output audio TCP port (256-65535)
-P<num> PPM value (-999.9-999.9) [-P0.0]
-g<num> RF gain (dB) [max]
-f<MHz> Initial tuned frequency [-f99.9]
-b<kHz> Initial filter bandwidth (4, 7, 9.5, 12.5) [-b7]
-z<num> Show zoomed spectrum (0-1) [-z1]
-e<num> Enable/disable economy mode (0-1) [-e1]
-n<num> Select noise filter (0-2) [-n0]
-v<num> Set volume level (0-500) [-v100]
-s<num> Enable/disable scanner mode (0-1) [-s0]
-wsl<v>.<h> Spectrum window location [-wsl50.50]
-_<num> Minimize windows at startup; bitmapped
-rv Role is trunk voice channel monitor

-rv puts FMP into voice following mode (same as pressing ‘V’ in FMP)

Any shortcuts or batch files that run FMP will have to be modified to match the new command line format.

DSD+: Less processor loading (probably only noticeable on very slow processors)

DSD+: Much faster groups/radios files loading/saving

DSD+: Editing existing radio aliases

In previous versions of DSD+, editing of pre-existing radio aliases can not be done with an external text editor while DSD+ is running; only radio records with no alias text can be edited

With DSD+ 1.092, existing radio alias text can be edited in an
external text editor while DSD+ is running; DSD+ will load and display any updated radio aliases

DSD+: A DSDPlus.radios file corruption bug has been fixed

DSD+: A command line option to add system details to event log entries has been added

-E Add NAC/RAN/DCC/RAS data to event log file entries

DSD+: Decoding of more DMR and TIII messages has been added

DSD+: A symbol recovery bug has been fixed

DSD+: Con+ handling has been modified; previous versions of DSD+ would create “DMR” entries in the DSDPlus.groups and DSDPlus.radios files for traffic on monitored voice channels; DSD+ 1.090 creates “Con+” entries; if you have “DMR” entries with nonzero NID fields, you should either bulk delete them or change their protocol string from “DMR” to “Con+”; Notepad has a simple search/replace function that can be used to do this

DSD+: A command line option to minimize windows at startup has been added

-_<num> Minimize selected windows at startup (bitmapped, 0-15) [-_0]

value window

1 console
2 source audio
4 channel activity
8 event log

sum values to minimize multiple windows

DSD+: Several high contrast display modes have been added

-H<num> High contrast mode (bitmapped, 0-63) [-H0]

two bits are used per graphical window; pressing ‘H’ in a window will cycle it to the next display mode; pressing ‘W’ displays the current -H<num> value in the event log window

DSD+: Control of AMBE and IMBE unvoiced audio levels has been added

-UA<num> AMBE unvoiced speech level (0-100) [-UA50]
-UI<num> IMBE unvoiced speech level (0-100) [-UI50]

pressing ‘A’/’a’/’I’/’i’ will also adjust the levels;
lower levels may reduce the “underwater” sound of some comms

DSD+: DSD+ can get its raw audio source from FMP via a TCP link instead of via Virtual Audio Cable or VB-Cable

-i<TCPport> FMP TCP link port number (256-65535)

linking FMP to DSD+ via VAC or VBC is deprecated; please use the TCP
link feature instead; any port number between 10000 and 65000 should be fine

DSD+: DSD+ can record separate .wav files for each voice call

-P<wav|mp3> Also create per-call wav or mp3 files

the file names encode metadata:

time
duration
protocol
NID
site number
NAC/RAN/DCC/slot
call type (group/private)
target
source

note: per-call mp3 files are not supported at this time

FMP: A command line option to minimize windows at startup has been added

-_<num> Minimize selected windows at startup (bitmapped, 0-3) [-_0]

value window

1 console
2 spectrum display

Trunking with the Latest DSD+ 1.08t Fast Lane Version

DSD+ stands for Digital Speech Decoder Plus and is a software program that can allow you to decode digital voice signals such as P25 and MotoTRBO/DMR. DSD+ is under continual development, and in their last public update they began offering early access to the latest DSD+ features in development through their fast lane subscription. The fast lane subscription costs $10 USD for one year and $25 for unlimited early access. Information about joining the fast lane service can be found in the readme file of the latest DSD+ 1.074 public release.

Over on YouTube user John Miller has been testing the latest early access version DSD+ 1.08t. This new version adds trunking support which allows you to follow conversations. Previously other software like Unitrunker was required to follow the trunking signal. On YouTube John has uploaded a video first showing trunking in action, and a second video showing how to set up DSD+ 1.08t for trunking.

New Version of Digital Speech Decoder DSD+ 1.071 Released

The latest version of Digital Speech Decoder+ (DSD+) has just been released, bringing it up to version 1.071. There appears to be no changelog, so we are unsure as to what is new, but one obvious change is that they now include a new program called FMP which is a simple NFM demodulator, similar to rtl_fm, although it does have a GUI with point and click tuning. FMP can be used as a replacement for SDR# or similar software, and is especially useful to use on low end devices such as netbooks.

An active discussion on the latest release of this software can be found in this thread on the RadioReference.com forums.

The FMP NFM demodulator tuned to a MotoTRBO signal.
The FMP NFM demodulator tuned to a MotoTRBO signal.

DSD+ is a Windows program which can be used to decode and listen to digital voice protocols such as D-STAR, NXDN4800, NXDN9600, DMR/MotoTRBO, P25 Phase 1, X2-TDMA and ProVoice with an RTL-SDR or other radio. On some DMR systems you may also be able to use the included LRRP software, which allows you to view the GPS locations of broadcasting radios. The last major release was version 1.05.

DSD+ GUI
DSD+ GUI

The DSD+ team are now also offering a “fast lane” early access program, which for a small donation will allow you to have early access to new and upcoming DSD+ features. They aim to release a new update to donators every 7 to 30 days, while stable public releases will continue to be released every 4 to 6 months. The donation costs $10 for one year of early access, and $25 for lifetime updates. Some features they are currently working on include:

  • Better tablet support
  • IDAS/NEXEDGE/Cap+/Con+/TIII trunk voice following
  • Per-call audio recordings
  • Other needed DSD+ upgrades
  • FMP upgrades
    • Squelch
    • Drift tracking
    • Selectable sampling rates
    • Adjustable windows sizes
    • TCP client/server mode (eliminates VAC / VB-C)
    • Multiple VFOs
    • Airspy support

DSD+ Version 1.5 Released

Version 1.5 of Digital Speech Decoder Plus (DSD+) has been released. DSD+ is a popular Windows software tool used for decoding digital speech such as P25 with the RTL-SDR. The latest version comes with a simple GUI interface that has an event log that shows call target and source ID history and an audio waveform plot which can help determine if DSD+ is receiving audio correctly. This version of DSD+ has the ability to decode the following protocols.

  • D-STAR
  • NXDN4800
  • NXDN9600
  • DMR/MotoTRBO
  • P25 Phase 1
  • X2-TDMA
  • ProVoice

In addition to the above, the new version comes with an LRRP decoder and display program which should allow you to see on a map the GPS location of broadcasting radios.

DSD+ V1.51 can be downloaded from this link. The forum thread on RadioReference where the developer releases and discusses the DSD+ software can be found here.

This version of DSD+ comes with all the files needed to make it run already. To use DSD+ V1.5 simply extract the zip file into a folder and double click on DSDPlus.EXE. DSD+ will listen to your default audio device that is set in the Windows sound recording properties. Simply tune to a digital voice signal in SDR# or any other SDR receiver and set the output audio settings accordingly. To start the LRRP display program simply open LRRP.exe.

DSDPlusv1p5
DSD+ V1.5 GUI
DSD+ V1.5 LRRP GPS Display
DSD+ V1.5 LRRP GPS Display

Decoding NXDN using DSD+ and an RTL-SDR

Over on YouTube user John Miller has uploaded a video showing an example of DSD+ decoding an NXDN96 voice signal. NXDN is a digital voice protocol by developed by Kenwood that is often used by public safety organizations.

John uses SDR# to receive the NXDN signal and then pipes the audio to DSD+ using Virtual Audio Cable for decoding.